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At an assembly of troops that night, even proud King Agamemnon bursts into tears. He says that the war is lost, and he suggests sailing home. His dejected soldiers receive this speech in silence, but Diomedes leaps to his feet, reminding the king of his responsibilities and reminding the troops of their heroic heritage.
They can all return home, he says, but he, Diomedes, will remain alone, if necessary, to continue fighting, for it is fated that Troy will eventually fall.
This brave declaration restores the confidence of the army and, on the recommendation of Nestor, guards are posted at the wall and the troops disperse to their tents for dinner and sleep. At a meeting of the council, old Nestor takes the floor and reminds Agamemnon that the absence of Achilles is causing the present distress of the army.
The king admits that he was unwise to have insulted the great warrior. He decides to offer many valuable gifts, as well as the return of Briseis, if Achilles will rejoin the army. Emissaries are therefore sent to the tent of the sulking hero with this message.
Achilles welcomes Telamonian Aias Ajax and Odysseus with great honor, but he refuses to accept the terms offered by Agamemnon. Therefore, he will not join in the battle, and in the morning, he and his men will sail for home.
He is adamant in his decision. Finally, Diomedes rises and tells the assembled warriors that it was an error to try to appeal to someone as conceited and headstrong as Achilles. He advises them to make whatever preparations are possible to defend the ships against the Trojans the next morning.
All agree, and after making libations to the gods, they retire to their quarters. Analysis More than one commentator has referred to Book IX as a short manual of oratory. The Greeks considered oratory as a skill on the same level as fighting ability. The long, taunting battle speeches are an integral part of what a warrior should know.
Phoenix reminds Achilles of how important oratorical skill is, and Odysseus is as highly regarded for his speaking as Achilles is for his fighting. Odysseus, the great orator, makes the initial plea to Achilles. His speech follows the form of classical oratory, though in a shortened form.
He begins by complimenting Achilles and attempting to make the great warrior receptive to the argument. The classical rhetoricians called these opening remarks the exordium. Next, Odysseus explains the serious military situation of the Achaians to Achilles. This explanation of the situation was known as the narratio.
Odysseus follows the narratio with the conformatio, or proof for his case. Finally, Odysseus reaches his conclusion by returning to the patriotic argument. He tells Achilles that he can achieve personal honor and glory by saving the Achaians.
Achilles response is swift and at first does not seem well thought-out. This event is one of the major turning points in the story. Nothing will satisfy Achilles now except the complete humbling of Agamemnon, an unreasonable and unwarranted demand.
In fact, Achilles openly questions the validity of the entire heroic code of honor. Indeed, this is a defining moment for Achilles, as he is a man of great passion and is a true fighter.
The irony is inescapable. Some critics interpret this episode differently, however. The other speeches in Book IX also follow the patterns of Greek classical oratory. Odysseus presents the argument from reason. Phoenix follows with the moral argument.
Finally, Aias concludes with the emotional argument.The assembly selects three ambassadors (Odysseus, Phoinix, and Aias) and sends them to Achilleus. They find him playing the lyre and singing epic verses by the shore. They feast, and then Odysseus makes the first of the speeches imploring Achilleus to return.
There will be two days of trainings in Lagos followed by three days of training and competitions at the Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential library in Abeokuta.
Ambassador, Speeches | Tags: Ambassador, Health, Malaria, Nigeria, PEPFAR, World Malaria Day. Remarks by Stacie Hankins Consular Chief U.S. Embassy Abuja – Student Visas . Farewell and Thank You to Ambassador Reddick Home Home | News & Events | Farewell and Thank You to Ambassador Reddick The U.S.
Embassy and her colleagues throughout Niger bid farewell to Ambassador Eunice Reddick, who served in Niger for three . A summary of Books 9–10 in Homer's The Iliad. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Iliad and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
The Ambassadors and Achilles: Probing Speeches and Hidden Agenda; The Ambassadors and Achilles: Probing Speeches and Hidden Agenda. Recognizing they would not cop their triumph without Achilleus, Agamemnon appointed three ambassadors to win Achilleus over.
He chose Odysseus and Ajax, who are to be . Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation. delivered 8 December , Washington, D.C. Video Purchase.
the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic.