If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on. Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date? The notes and bibliography system is preferred by many working in the humanities—including literature, history, and the arts.
Make sure that titles in APA citations are properly capitalized. Chicago style guide research paper only the first letter of the first word or any proper nouns. MLA stands for the Modern Language Associationwhich is an organization that focuses on language and literature. Depending on which subject area your class or research focuses on, your professor may ask you to cite your sources in MLA format.
There are other styles, such as APA format and Chicago, but this citation style is often used for literature, language, liberal arts, and other humanities subjects. The Modern Language Association's Handbook is in its 8th edition and standardizes the way scholars document their sources and format their papers.
When everyone documents their sources and papers in the same way, it is simple to recognize and understand the types of sources that were used for a project.
Readers of your work will not only look at your citations to understand them, but to possibly explore them as well.
This is done by creating a citation. The handbook explains how to create citations. This page summarizes the information in the handbook, 8th edition.
There is also a section below on a recommended way to create a header. These headers appear at the top of your assignment. Check with your instructor if they prefer a certain MLA format heading.
What is MLA Format? The 8th edition is the most recent and updated version of MLA citations. Released in April ofthis citation format is much different than previous versions. The biggest difference and most exciting update is the use of one standard format for all source types. In previous versions, scholars were required to locate the citation format for the specific source that they used.
There were different formats for books, websites, periodicals, and so on. Now, using one universal MLA citation format allows scholars to spend less time trying to locate the proper format to document their sources and focus more on their research.
Chapters are found in a book, songs are found in an album, and journal articles are found in journals. What the source is found in is its container.
URLs are now encouraged to be added into citations remove http: Citing Basics When adding information into your project from another source, you are required to add an MLA citation.
There are two types of MLA format citations: When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, add an in-text citation into the body of your work. Direct quotes are word-for-word quotes that are pulled from a source and added into your project. A paraphrase is taking a section of information from a source and placing it in your own words.
Both direct quotes and paraphrases require in-text, or parenthetical citations, to follow it. Format your in-text citation as follows: All sources used for a project are found on the Works Cited list, which is generally the last item in a project.
MLA Citing Format often includes the following pieces of information, in this order: The author is generally the first item in a citation unless the source does not have an author.
If the source has one author, place the last name first, add a comma, and then the first name. The first author is in reverse order, add a comma and the word "and", then place the second author in standard form.
Follow their names with a period. Monsen, Avery, and Jory John.
Place the first author in reverse order, place a comma afterwards, and then add the Latin phrase, et al. Citations do not need to always start with the name of the author.You are citing in Chicago Manual of Style 16th.
If you're looking for the 17th Edition. Searches HoyaSearch, which includes Georgetown and Consortium holdings, many of the Georgetown databases, and a variety of other alphabetnyc.com includes books, journal and newspaper articles, encyclopedias, images and media, and primary sources.
According to APA, government documents can be considered Books, Technical/Research Reports or Brochures. Chicago-Style Research Paper Writing Guide, A self-guided, step-by-step, no-busywork guide for high school. Rubric for grading included. The Ultimate Guide to Citing Anything in Chicago Style Everything you ever needed to know about citing sources from the Chicago Manual of Style.