John Chaucer was an affluent wine merchant and deputy to the king's butler.
Recording in reconstructed Middle English pronunciation Problems playing this file? Chaucer wrote in late Middle English, which has clear differences from Modern English. From philological research, we know certain facts about the pronunciation of English during the time of Chaucer.
In some cases, vowel letters in Middle English were pronounced very differently from Modern English, because the Great Vowel Shift had not yet happened. It is obvious, however, that Chaucer borrowed portions, sometimes very large portions, of his stories from earlier stories, and that his work was influenced by the general state of the literary world in which he lived.
Storytelling was the main entertainment in England at the time, and storytelling contests had been around for hundreds of years. In 14th-century England the English Pui was a group with an appointed leader who would judge the songs of the group.
The winner received a crown and, as with the winner of The Canterbury Tales, a free dinner. It was common for pilgrims on a pilgrimage to have a chosen "master of ceremonies" to guide them and organise the journey. Like the Tales, it features a number of narrators who tell stories along a journey they have undertaken to flee from the Black Death.
It ends with an apology by Boccaccio, much like Chaucer's Retraction to the Tales.
A quarter of the tales in The Canterbury Tales parallel a tale in the Decameron, although most of them have closer parallels in other stories. Some scholars thus find it unlikely that Chaucer had a copy of the work on hand, surmising instead that he must have merely read the Decameron at some point,  while a new study claims he had a copy of the Decameron and used it extensively as he began work on his own collection.
They include poetry by Ovidthe Bible in one of the many vulgate versions in which it was available at the time the exact one is difficult to determineand the works of Petrarch and Dante. Chaucer was the first author to use the work of these last two, both Italians.
Boethius ' Consolation of Philosophy appears in several tales, as the works of John Gower do.
Gower was a known friend to Chaucer. A full list is impossible to outline in little space, but Chaucer also, lastly, seems to have borrowed from numerous religious encyclopaedias and liturgical writings, such as John Bromyard 's Summa praedicantiuma preacher's handbook, and Jerome 's Adversus Jovinianum.
Chaucer's Tales differs from most other story "collections" in this genre chiefly in its intense variation. Most story collections focused on a theme, usually a religious one.
Even in the Decameron, storytellers are encouraged to stick to the theme decided on for the day. The idea of a pilgrimage to get such a diverse collection of people together for literary purposes was also unprecedented, though "the association of pilgrims and storytelling was a familiar one".
In the General Prologue, Chaucer describes not the tales to be told, but the people who will tell them, making it clear that structure will depend on the characters rather than a general theme or moral. This idea is reinforced when the Miller interrupts to tell his tale after the Knight has finished his.
Having the Knight go first gives one the idea that all will tell their stories by class, with the Monk following the Knight.
However, the Miller's interruption makes it clear that this structure will be abandoned in favour of a free and open exchange of stories among all classes present.
General themes and points of view arise as the characters tell their tales, which are responded to by other characters in their own tales, sometimes after a long lapse in which the theme has not been addressed.
His writing of the story seems focused primarily on the stories being told, and not on the pilgrimage itself.Geoffrey Chaucer: Geoffrey Chaucer, the outstanding English poet before Shakespeare and “the first finder of our language.” His The Canterbury Tales ranks as one of the greatest poetic works in English.
He also contributed importantly in the second half of the 14th century to . The Canterbury Tales (Middle English: Tales of Caunterbury) is a collection of 24 stories that runs to over 17, lines written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer between and In , Chaucer became Controller of Customs and Justice of Peace and, in , Clerk of the King's work.
It was during these years that Chaucer began working on his most famous text, The Canterbury Tales. Geoffrey Chaucer was born between and , probably in London.
|Geoffrey Chaucer - Geoffrey Chaucer Poems - Poem Hunter||Origins[ edit ] Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London sometime aroundthough the precise date and location of his birth remain unknown.|
|During what century did Chaucer live?||Read biographical information including facts, poetic works, awards, and the life story and history of Geoffrey Chaucer. This short biogrpahy feature on Geoffrey Chaucer will help you learn about one of the best famous poet poets of all-time.|
|Quotations||They supply merely a pony and by no means can they serve as a substitute for the original, nor even for a good translation.|
His father was a prosperous wine merchant. We do not know any details of his early life and education.
In , he was a page. A Glossary for the Works of Geoffrey Chaucer (in the Riverside Edition). Each entry consists of, first, in bold face, the word (as it appears in the Middle English Dictionary), its part of speech (also as in MED), its definition, its headword in the Oxford English dictionary, and finally the "KEY" to be used in searches (not yet ready for use).
Geoffrey Chaucer Biography (Famous Poet Bio). Read information including facts, works, awards, and the life story and history of Geoffrey Chaucer.
This short biographical feature on Geoffrey Chaucer will help you learn about one of the best famous poet poets of all-time.
Personal Background. Geoffrey Chaucer occupies a unique position in the Middle Ages. He was born a commoner, but through his intellect and astute judgments of .