It is especially notable that the definitions of the personality disorders as categories were retained in the DSM-5 and the WISPI yields categorical scores. However the content of the WISPI-IV reflects the interpersonal theory and approach to the personality disorders as put forth in Benjamin and also yields dimensional scores.
Mines have been with us a long time. The first mines were employed in the American Civil War when Confederate forces linked tripwires to musket trigger mechanisms to fire black powder and shrapnel charges with percussion caps.
These were based on shells fitted with super-quick fuses, and proved effective against American-crewed, British-built tanks in Anti-personnel mines Anti-personnel mines come in three forms: Among blast mines the most widely used have been the Italian Tecnovar TS, which has turned up in three continents, and the widely copied Soviet PMN.
These contain respectively 50g and g of high explosive HE and are designed to disable a man so that he he must be evacuated by two or four other men, and subsequently passed down the casualty evacuation chain.
The sight of men with blast injuries to feet, legs and lower abdomen lowers morale and slows the momentum of an advance. Directional shrapnel mines, such as the U. Bounding AP mines, in the shape ofthe S. Bounding AP mines are triggered either by a tripwire or direct pressure.
This fires a container to a height of about a metre above the ground, where it explodes - scattering fragments or ball bearings over degrees, causing casualties out to 50 metres or so. Men close to a directional or bounding mine will suffer multiple wounds, which are likely to be fatal.
Anti-tank mines Early anti-tank mines were designed to explode only after they had been subject to pressures or around kg. These designs used blast to cut tracks and disrupt road wheels, to produce an "M" or mobility kill. Modern designs can destroy a tank or AFV, and so produce a "K" kill.
When a shaped charge explodes it projects a stream of molten metal and gas which can penetrate considerable thicknesses of armour plate. AT and AP mines were originally produced in steel, though the Soviet Union experimented with wood, and the Germans used pottery, glass and Bakelite as the external case.
This made the mines harder to locate using electronic mine detectors. The most significant change in mine design came with the use of plastic. This is tough, light, and can be colored to assist camouflage. It will not rust or deteriorate and since modern mines have practically no metal parts, they cannot be detected with electronic mine detectors.
Along with plastic came the electronics revolution. This made it possible to develop AT mine fuses which could discriminate between types of vehicles, trigger a mine remotely, and even switch it off, or "self-sterilise" after a pre-set time.
The Swedish Type FFV pioneered this technology - this mine would explode even if a tank straddled it, since its magnetic field operated the fuse, so the mine attacked the full width of the AFV.
The shaped charge penetrated the hull and detonated on-board ammunition. A "thinking mine" had entered service. Sensors have allowed one-shot anti-tank weapons like the British Hunting LAW 80 and French Manhurin Apilas to be mounted on a simple tripod and turned into potent ambush weapons.
Off-route mines can be used to block defiles, close gaps in minefields, or as part of a remote control ambush. The large fuse wells in many anti-tank mines will accommodate fuses which are triggered by either seismic signals or the magnetic field of an AFV. Before these sophisticated fuses were available, simpler mechanisms were available to make mines more effective.
For instance, the double impulse fuse works after more than one vehicle has passed over it. This means that a minefield can be designed with several outer lines of AT mines which will only explode when the first wave of enemy tanks are already disabled or damaged deep in the minefield.
The double impulse fused mines may therefore damage or destroy valuable recovery vehicles, or the second wave of enemy armour.The Mini-IPIP6: Item Response Theory analysis of a short measure of the big-six factors of personality extends the previous five-factor Mini-IPIP inventory initially developed by Donnellan, Oswald, Baird, and Lucas of marker items for each personality dimension is needed.
The Five-Factor Mini-IPIP is one such measure. The. The True Colors Personality Assessment is for you if You want to gain deeper insights, specific descriptions, fun facts and discover your full spectrum of True Colors traits.
Find out your True Colors personality style and find out how you are coming across to others. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs, is a well known and widely used personality inventory based on the psychological theories of Carl Gustav Jung.
XS White Hanger Size Markers S Pink Hanger Size Markers M Yellow Hanger Size Markers L Red Hanger Size Markers XL Green Hanger Size Markers XXL Blue Hanger Size Markers 3XL 24 PCS 8 Color Clothes Size Dividers with Marker .
The Big Five Inventory consists of 44 items measuring five trait dimensions of personality - extraversion (8 items), agreeableness (9 items), conscientiousness (9 items), neuroticism (8 items) and openness to experience (9 items) - and uses.
A Free D I S C Personality Test Gain Insights to Build Better, Stronger, more Fulfilling Relationships Use this Free D I S C Personality Test to get a fast estimate of your D I S C profile based on answers to 12 short questions. It's fast and it's free. You can probably finish it in less than 10 minutes.