Arms and the Antebellum Experience a. Arms and the Southern Order p. A History Ignored Conclusion: Self-Defense and the Gun Control Question Today It would give to persons of the negro race, who were recognized as citizens in any one State of the Union, the right to enter every other State whenever they pleased,
Was the LMS too big? Frederic Stansfield In his reply to my earlier letter about the size of the LMS September issueDoug Landau November issue makes many interesting points describing the company's engineering innovations. But two of Landau's examples show how engineering developments within the LMS were subordinated to business issues.
LMS management's rejection of electrification proposals, because of insufficient return on capital, is unsurprising when neither the scheme nor the one linked London with a major city such as Birmingham.
Also, the belt repair system to which Landau refers represented the development in Britain of "scientific management" techniques.
As he indicates, this system had the business aim of reducing repair times and costs. Letter writer would agree in general with Landau's observation that the Southern Railway was the most forward looking of the 'Big Four'.
However, in my previous letter I compared the LMS not with its British contemporaries but with other European railways, which received more government support. Britain's railways, including the LMS, did receive very limited government finance in the s.
Landau does not address the question 'Was the LMS too big?
The company's business failure to follow-up engineering developments, such as electrification and main line diesel locomotives, would suggest the opposite.
The LMS was if anything too small to attract the money needed to implement its engineers' technical innovations. Restaurant Cars and their Development.
John Macnab Many earlier restaurant cars of lasted well into BR days: The last five of these only went in mid Grahame Boyes Building on the success of the Early Railways Conference series, the organising committee has arranged to accommodate the interests of historians pursuing the origin and development of main line railways between and c This reflects the all-important years when railways first developed routes and networks and became major contributors to economic growth around the world.
This first conference has attracted papers from authors studying subjects in several parts of the world, in addition to the United Kingdom. These are related to economic, political, social and cultural progress in several countries, and business and financial incentive and practice.
They also cover developments in surveying, structural, architectural and building practices, as well as mechanical and electrical engineering.
For information about the papers and other programme details, and to book your place at the conference, please go to www. This pamphlet brought together some elements of both articles. The speaker 29 Novemberon whose input the pamphlet reported, was Col. O'Brien, the electrical engineer of the LYR.
One voice from the floor: Hawksworth' - clearly a gathering worthy of record: In those relatively early days of electrification people naturally drew on such examples as were available: Paul were O'Brien's favourites on that occasion.
O'Brien and his audience touched on some crucial issues. O'Brien revealed, or claimed, that the Liverpool-Sandhills stretch alone ie first station out of Liverpool Exchange shared occupancy with a goods traffic "Greater than He noted that there were nine rush hours each day to cope with in this respect, including "ladies going into Liverpool to shop" On the technical side, O'Brien seemed to favour 1.
His sketch of an electric locomotive was one he employed elsewhere: The 'limitations' of the title were really snags, set against a general background favourable to electrification; for example the need to erect overhead conductors in marshalling yards, or how to counteract the track-unfriendly low centres of gravity suffered by EMUs.
Counter-intuitively, the Swindonians through either courtesy or breadth of mind. Hawksworth praised the even torque of electric motors; O'Brien responded politely that the imbalances of steam locomotives were "not a very serious defect".
Stanier brought the proceedings to a close with the dry and correct observation that electrification provided no real difficulties for the engineer, but "the real difficulties As O'Brien was later to discover, to his cost.
On the next page 'C. Trains were drawn from Lime Street up to Edge Hill by rope - they went down by gravity with one or two tunnel brakes added at the front end. Reference to the Waterloo accident of p I should very much like to know the source for the suggestion that a broken axle might have been responsible, as opposed to the loss of a spring.Porters Diamond Of National Advantage China “Critically discuss to what extent Porter’s Diamond is a useful concept in explaining home and host location strategies of international business.
Apply Porter’s diamond of national advantage framework to an industry and the country you have chosen. Based Read More. Preface to the 'Home Education' Series.
The educational outlook is rather misty and depressing both at home and abroad. That science should be a staple of education, that the teaching of Latin, of modern languages, of mathematics, must be reformed, that nature and handicrafts should be pressed into service for the training of the eye and hand, that boys and girls must learn to write English.
After viewing the country profile videos, select two of the five countries and complete a country analysis for each country selected using Porters Diamond Theory of Continue reading "Porters Diamond of National Competitive Advantage".
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Traveller type "A" Free Trader Beowulf, mesh model by JayThurman (Cyberia23); This section is basically a rough outline of Rick Robinson's Interstellar Trade: A alphabetnyc.com'd probably be better off reading the full article but some people want executive summaries.